Le Corbusier, byname of Charles-Édouard Jeanneret, is an internationally influential Swiss architect and city planner, whose designs combine the functionalism of the modern movement with a bold, sculptural expressionism. Corbusier was the first architect to make a studied use of rough-cast concrete, a technique that satisfied his taste for asceticism and for sculptural forms. And yes, he did have a cat.
Le Corbusier was born in La Chaux-de-Fonds where is the world’s center of precision of watchmaking since the 18th century, Switzerland in 1887.
In 1916, he settled in Paris with the intention of practicing architecture. As well as designing, Corbusier published and edited L’Esprit Nouveau, an avant-garde magazine about the arts.
He started his career as purism painter and became a French citizen in 1930.
Dedicated to providing better living conditions for the residents of crowded cities, he was influential in urban planning as well.
Love for His Cat
Corbusier responded deeply to cats and other animals to their honesty and chicanery as much as their innocence. But he identified with these creatures of instinct, often wounded, always pure of heart.
City Planning Elements
Le Corbusier Quotes
He was the first architect to make a studied use of rough-cast concrete, a technique that satisfied his taste for asceticism and for sculptural forms.
5 principles of Architecture
1. Pilotis: Replacement of supporting walls by a grid of reinforced concrete columns that bears the structural load is the basis of the new aesthetic.
2. The free ground plan: the absence of supporting walls—means the house is unrestrained in its internal use.
3. The free façade: separating the exterior of the building from its structural function—sets the façade free from structural constraints.
4. The horizontal window: which cuts the façade along its entire length, lights rooms equally.
5. Flat-roof: Roof gardens on a flat roof can serve a domestic purpose while providing essential protection to the concrete roof.
Its concept is a scale of harmonic measures that set architectural elements in proportion to human stature.
On the proportions of the human figure and through it sought to create buildings which were designed to meet the needs of their inhabitants.
The human scale was to dictate every aspect of architecture from the width of city streets to the height of a kitchen surface.
Le Corbusier Quotes (BrainyQuote)
Philosophy of Architecture
Le Corbusier > Quotes (goodreads)
His design philosophy was heavily inspired by mathematical concepts used by Leonard da Vinci, such as the golden ratio and the Fibonacci series, which he used as the basis for his architectural proportions.
Le Corbusier Quotes (goodreads)
Corbusier died in 1965 at the age of 77. It’s a measure of his reputation that the US president Lyndon Johnson paid tribute, declaring
His influence was universal and his works are invested with a permanent quality possessed by those of very few artists in our history.
In 2016, 17 of his architectural works were named World Heritage sites by UNESCO.
Le Corbusier Quotes
Also published on Medium.